Prostate Cancer - The Hidden KillerAcupuncturist Damon Lee

** In North America, approximately 40% of males over 50 years of age, when prostatic tissue is examined under a microscope either after prostate surgery or autopsy, cancer is found. Most of these cancers never cause symptoms because they spread very slowly; however, some prostate cancers do grow more aggressively and spread throughout the body. Although fewer than 3% of the men with the disease die of it, prostate cancer is still the second most common cause of cancer death among American men.

** In the year of 2000, 17,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in Canada, according to the National Cancer Institute of Canada. About 4000 Canadians will die from prostate cancer between 2000 -2001.

** Asians living in North America suffer less prostate cancer especially the Japanese. The second generation of the Asian groups, they suffer prostate cancer more then their parents.

** The highest risk group is the Afro-American. The second group is Caucasian, and the less affected group is Asians.

** Those male over 65 years of age, taking high fat, low fibre , deep fried food, history of prostatectomy and prostatitis, overactive sex life in late age are the high risk group.

** The retired group with high income suffers prostate cancer twice as much as the low income (blue and white collars) group

** Those work in farming, battery producing and plastic industries are also high risk groups for prostate cancer.

WHAT IS A PROSTATE??

Prostate is a gland that surrounds the neck of the bladder and the urethra in the male. It is partly muscular and partly glandular, with ducts opening into the prostate portion of the urethra. Consists of a median lobe and the lateral lobes. About 2x4x3 cm., and weighting about 20 gm., it is enclosed in a fibrous capsule containing smooth muscles fibers in its inner layer. Muscle fibers also separate the glandular tissue and encircle the urethra. The gland secretes a thin, opalescent, slightly alkaline fluid that forms part of the seminal fluid. Inflammation of the prostate may occur, often the result of gonorrheal urethritis. Enlargement of the prostate is common, esp. after middle age. This results in urethral obstruction, impending urination and sometimes leading to retention. Benign and malignant tumors, calculi,and nodular hyperplasia are common, particularly in men past 60.

SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER - Symptoms do not mean cancer!! Prostate cancer may not have symptoms at the beginning and usually the development is very slow!!

USUAL SYMPTOMS:

The above symptoms apparently are due to the enlargement of the prostate ( Prostate hypertrophy ). The condition is benign, but if enlargement processes to cause obstruction of the urethra, surgical intervention is required.

SYMPTOMS OF METASTASIS (SPREAD OF CANCER)

During metastasis, the nearby organs and tissues ( Epididymis, Peritoneum, Urinary bladder, Seminal vesicle, Rectum, urethra, lymphatic system and even bones) may be affected in a certain degrees.

CAUSES OF PROSTATE CANCER

**Cause unknown - it could be related to high fat diet and male hormone (Testosterone). Males, after removal of the testes ( due to accidents or other reasons), will not develop prostate cancer. It is also a kind of treatment for prostate cancer. Clinically, the tumor will shrink or stops growing. This proves that prostate cancer is related to Testosterone.

** Vegetarians and single males suffer less prostate cancer.

** In Traditional Chinese Medicine, one of the causes of prostate cancer is related to over indulged in sex activities. Testosterone is essential for normal sexual behaviors. Over indulged sex may require higher level of testosterone supply. Over use of the prostate gland will have to enlarge to meet the demands. Uncontrolled life style may trigger the cell changes to develop cancer. (Not scientifically proved theory)

DIAGNOSIS OR INVESTIGATIONS

**Consult your doctor and specialist regarding symptoms and changes.

** Your doctor may order blood test: Acid P-tase and PSA(Prostate Specific Antigen - a protein made by the prostate gland). The elvated level suggests that something may not be right. Of course, it does not mean that you have prostate cancer. The doctor will decide whether the test is necessary for the individual. The high rish group with family history of prostate cancer will be tested as early as at the age of 40. An enlarged prostate can cause the PSA level elevated !

THE PSA TEST - DOING IT RIGHT - YOU SHOULD...

*** Abstain sexual activity for two days prior test. Ejaculation may increase the level!

*** Untreated UTI ( Urinary- tract infection ) can raise the level, too.

*** Inform your doctor all the medications that you have been taking.

PSA values: Low: under 4 ng/ml(nanograms per milliliter); Moderate: 4-10 ng/ml; High: over 10 ng/ml

** DIGITAL RECTAL EXAMINATION (DRE) - an essential annual check-up to pick up cancers the PSA test alone has missed !

** FREE PSA - it measures the percentage of PSA that is floating free in the blood, as opposed to the form that's bound to other proteins. A Free-PSA can detect 95% of prostate cancers and prevent 20% of biopsies.

** PSA Velocity - this measures the amount a men's PSA level has risen over a period of at least 18 months, based on more then 2 measurements.

** PSA Density - an ultrasound exam ( Men with larger prostate glands have higher PSA levels, even if cancer is not present.

** BIOPSY - a small amount of tissue is taken to be examined under the microscope to determine any cancer cells or changes.

TREATMENT - conventional.

  TYPE OF TREATMENT

  HOW MUCH A MEN'S LIFESTYLE IS AFFECTED

 MAJOR SURGERY

 May cause impotence, incontinence of urine

POTENCY-SPARING RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

 The surgical procedure spares nerves and preserves sexual potency in about 75% of patients. Less than 5% become incontinent. It is likely to be successful for aggressive types of cancers that have spread beyond the prostate.

RADIATION THERAPY

Usually used to treat cancer confined in the prostate or the nearby tissues.

The Curing and Smoking food on your table.( click here to see) Watch for high salt,fat and carcinogin affecting YOU!!